Structure of an essay

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An essay as an educational work enables a student to express his own thoughts more fully, to reflect his personal thoughts and ideas about the world – even if only others’ works, and not individual experience, are their source. It is good when a topic given by a teacher finds a response in the soul (or an essay on a free topic is given), but this is not always the case – and then there are problems when writing an essay.

The essay is not quite a standard structure. It should not contain a table of contents, a list of references and, at times, even a title page. This is a free genre, which can be expressed by the author as he wants. The only condition that determines the structure of an essay is logic. Everything should be built according to the laws of logic. The scheme of writing an essay practically does not change regardless of its size and is maintained even in a mini essay. Despite the fact that the essay has a free form, its structural features are present. First of all, they are due to the requirements of this genre:

  • All thoughts of the author should be stated thesis.
  • Each thesis must be supported by arguments.

Arguments in this case are concrete well-known facts, events, phenomena, objects, scientifically proven facts, and the like. The phrase of the author cannot be considered an argument: “My grandmother told me about it.”

The average essay usually has a small size, starts with a problem, then goes a few (usually three) abstracts and 2-3 arguments to these abstracts. It ends with a common conclusion.

An alternative form of writing an essay is also possible. The problem statement remains unchanged. After it, the first thesis and arguments in its defense also follow. And immediately goes a mini-conclusion on this thesis:


Such a sequence is repeated 2 or 3 times, depending on whether you operate with such a number of theses. And in the conclusion of this general conclusion essay may not be.

There is a third option, how to write an essay-essay: add the opinion of the opposite side and justify its fallacy. This type of essay is more thorough and serious.